Heating Water and Using Appliances

You can think about all of the ways in your house that energy is used and what appliances use the most energy.  How can you cut back?

Water heating
is a home's second-highest energy cost.  Research shows that heating water accounts for almost 20 percent of residential energy bills. It can take far less energy to heat a gallon of water with electricity than with fossil fuel.  ​Minimize the energy by reducing your use of hot water:

  • install low-flow faucets and shower heads;
  • turn down the temperature of your tank; 
  • insulate your heater tank and surrounding pipes;
  • launder with cold water.

Most effective of all, when you shop for a new water heater, choose the most efficient model within your budget. Electric heat pump water heaters typically offer the best balance of up-front cost, ease of installation, and savings over time.

Clothes Dryers use the most energy of all home appliances, so find an efficient electric model and use it minimally. Try to air dry when you can.

Clothes Washers  A high-efficiency washer leads to energy and cost savings each month.

Kitchen Ranges Gas cooktops are only about 40 percent efficient; electric-coil and standard smooth-top electric cooktops about 74 percent efficient; and induction cooktops 84 percent efficient. Here ae some articles about them: 

Refrigerators Key considerations are 1) energy use and 2) the type of chemical refrigerant.  Here are some reviews of refrigerators: